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Pyrgus sidae, (Esper,1784)
Turkish Name: SarÄ±bandlÄ± ZÄ±pzÄ±p KelebeÄźi
Distribution in Turkey: Turkey is anywhere.
Distribution in the world: Turkey, western Spain, Southeastern France, Italy, the Balkan Peninsula, Ukraine, Crimea, Moldova, Iran, the Trans-Caucasus, the North-West Asia, the Urals, Kazakhstan ..
Living Area: Diverse, but especially riverbanks and damp places. It inhabits mountainous arid slopes with patches of steppe vegetation and dry-bush shrubs, occasionally occurs on steppe subalpine meadows up to 2400 metres..
Flight time: For a year one generation is developing. Late April to early August, but mid-May to July in most of the interior.
Food Plants of the caterpillar: Caterpillars, feeding on the plants grow Cinquefoils (Potentilla species).
Description-Notes: Be the best way to distinguish is to look at the bottom of the wing. Orange yellow, sometimes with two rows at the bottom of the wing-band is a species easy to distinguish. Uppersides are sooty Brown to black ; note the two white spots at forewing costal magrin between rectangular discoidal spot and three subapical spots and extensive dusting of basal gray scales. The caterpillar hibernates. A sedentary local view .
Wingspan: 24-28 mm long.
The origin of the name: Sida is the beloved wife of Orion. She was very beautiful, many believed that she was like an immortal goddess. Puffed up, the young Sid dared to compete in beauty with the queen of the gods, the majestic Hero. For this insolence the wife of Zeus overthrew her in Tartarus (V. Savchuk)
Endangerment : In Provence and Spain Pyrgus sidae is restricted to a few sites and is certainly endangered (habitat loss), but it is still widespread in the east (e.g. Greece, Turkey).
â€˘ Safflower Skipper - Pyrgus carthami, (HĂĽbner,1813)
â€˘ Alp Grizzled Skipper - Andromedae Pyrgus (W Allengren,1853)
â€˘ Olive Skipper - Pyrgus serratulae (Rambur, 1839)
1. Baytas A., 2007. A field guide to the butterflies of Turkey, NTV Yayinlari, Istanbul.188 pp.
2. Lepidoptera Caucasi : >>http://www.babochki-kavkaza.ru/index.php/hesperiidae-/14-pyrgus-sidae-/82--pyrgus-sidae.html
3. EuroButterflies Â»Matt Rowling : >> http://www.eurobutterflies.com/sp/sidae.php
4. Butterflies Watching & Photography Society in Turkey :>> http://www.adamerkelebek.org/GozlemFoto.asp?Durum=7&CinsId=9&TurId=140&FamilyaId=8
5. Lepiforum.de :>> http://www.lepiforum.de/lepiwiki.pl?Pyrgus_Sidae
6. Wolfgang Wagner:>> http://www.pyrgus.de/Pyrgus_sidae_en.html
7. Anonymous Butterflies of Turkey :>> http://www.trakel.org/kelebekler/?fsx=2fsdl17@d&tur=Sar%C4%B1%20Bantl%C4%B1%20Z%C4%B1pz%C4%B1p
8. Moths and Butterflies of Europe: >>http://www.leps.it/indexjs.htm?SpeciesPages/PyrguSidae.htm
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